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  • Writer's pictureRealFacts Editorial Team

Where Property Prices Are Trending by Type

Commercial real estate buildings

As the commercial real estate (CRE) market continues to navigate post-pandemic challenges, understanding the nuanced performance of different property sectors is crucial for investors. Trepp's latest analytic update of its Trepp Property Price Index (TPPI) provides a comprehensive view of CRE price movements over time, shedding light on where property prices are trending by type. This analysis is vital for investors making informed decisions in an unpredictable market.

The Composite Index: A Mixed Bag

The TPPI's composite index for the first quarter of 2024 saw a modest quarter-over-quarter increase of 0.51%, signaling a slight improvement in the CRE market. Year-over-year, the composite index edged up by 0.66%. However, despite these positive signs, the market has not fully rebounded from its peak in mid-2022, with the composite index still 1.94% lower than its high point.

Sector-Specific Performance: A Closer Look Multifamily

The multifamily sector has faced significant challenges, driving the overall decrease in CRE prices. While a slight quarter-over-quarter increase of 0.51%, the year-over-year performance was down by 2.25%. Looking at the longer-term trend, from Q2 2022 to Q1 2024, multifamily property prices declined by 5.92%. These figures highlight the ongoing difficulties in this market, reflecting changes in demand and supply dynamics.


The office sector often predicted to face substantial declines, showed a surprising resilience. Prices increased by 1.33% quarter-over-quarter and 2.37% year-over-year. Over the longer term, office prices rose by 2.15% from Q2 2022 to Q1 2024. Trepp attributes this performance to the "inherent illiquidity" of the office market and owners' reluctance to sell at lower prices, which has kept transaction volumes low and insulated prices to some extent.


Retail properties have remained relatively stable, with a slight quarter-over-quarter increase of 0.16% and a year-over-year decrease of 0.36%. Over the longer period, retail prices have risen by 2.97%. This stability reflects a balanced demand and supply in the retail sector, despite the challenges faced by brick-and-mortar stores in the age of e-commerce.


The industrial sector, which saw a boom at the beginning of the pandemic due to increased demand for logistics and warehousing, has struggled to maintain that momentum. Prices fell by 0.56% quarter-over-quarter and remained flat year-over-year. From Q2 2022 to Q1 2024, industrial property prices saw a minor decline of 0.98%. The initial hype has tapered off, and the market has stabilized at a lower growth rate.


Lodging has been the standout performer, with a significant year-over-year increase of 4.0%. Over the longer term, lodging prices have grown by 1.68%. This sector's sensitivity to consumer confidence and travel trends makes it volatile, but recent figures suggest a robust recovery, possibly driven by pent-up travel demand post-pandemic.

Key Takeaways for Investors

1. Diverse Sector Performance: The CRE market's performance varies significantly by sector, with multifamily and industrial properties underperforming, while office, retail, and lodging sectors show more resilience or growth.


2. Multifamily Challenges: Investors should be cautious with multifamily investments, as this sector faces ongoing difficulties that have led to price declines over the past two years.

3. Office Market Resilience: Despite negative predictions, the office sector has shown unexpected strength, driven by limited transaction volumes and price insulation. This sector may still present opportunities, albeit with adjusted expectations post-COVID.

4. Stable Retail Sector: Retail properties have remained relatively stable, suggesting steady demand. Investors can consider this sector for more predictable returns.

5. Volatile but Promising Lodging Sector: The lodging sector's recent performance indicates a strong rebound, though its inherent volatility requires careful consideration and potentially shorter investment horizons.

Understanding the detailed performance of different CRE sectors is essential for real estate investors to make informed investment decisions. The data from Trepp's TPPI underscores the importance of sector-specific strategies and highlights the varying opportunities and risks across the CRE landscape. As the market continues to evolve, staying informed and adaptable will be key to capitalizing on emerging trends and navigating the complexities of the post-pandemic real estate market.


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